Sahodaran Ayyappan was a social reformer, revolutionary, and legislator who gave vast contributions to set rationalism in Malayalam Literature. He always stood for the lower class and raised his voice for their rights. Ayyappan was a disciple of Sree Narayana Guru. He launched the magazine Yukthivadi to mock the Kerala society which was deeply influenced by superstitious beliefs and caste.
He begins this poem by stating that casteism is a disease. External and internal methods are inevitable to solve it completely. Even if casteism seems to be solved externally it can still create internal issues. The poet classifies hate, gossip, and nationalist rhetoric as symptoms of inwardly drawn caste by citing sages.
He states that there are politicians who nurture this casteism for their temporary gains by using hate speeches. The author also scorns the people who speak a lot to alleviate casteism but never act. He calls them people who cool off the fire but never tries to extinguish it. About my race: A song by Poykayil Appachan also discusses issues related with subjugations
He believes religion is a root cause of casteism because he writes” first the faith in caste must go”. Ayyappan makes fun of the group that believes caste is true, moral, and divine and they think that speaking caste is a sin and being casteless as shame. He denotes that there is a large number of people who stand as prophets of casteism. He calls society to overturn religious dogmas and conventions so we can see humans as human and become physically and mentally well.
Only a casteless society can identify the faults and tensions caused by caste in society. The poet awakens the readers that even though you are a scholar and want to create a society filled with morality, you have to stand beyond the bondages of caste.
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